By Robert Niles: Today, I spent and hour and a half walking around the Busch family's first park.
No, I didn't visit Busch Gardens Tampa, which opened in 1959. Nor was I down in San Diego, where SeaWorld debuted in 1964.
Nope, today I walked around the original Busch Gardens park, Busch Gardens Pasadena, which opened to the public in... 1906.
The original Busch Gardens closed in 1938, during the Great Depression. Developers bought and sub-divided the property, eventually building a neighborhood of homes that obliterated most of the old park.
But a few traces of the original Busch Gardens remain, providing visitors glimpses of the thematic formula of lush foliage, aviaries and wildlife that the Busch family eventually would replicate through theme parks in Tampa, Los Angeles, Houston and Williamsburg. (Only the Tampa and Williamsburg parks survive.)
Located about two miles south of the Rose Bowl, the Busch Gardens site occupies about 38 acres west of Orange Grove Boulevard. Adolphus Busch bought a home on the Orange Grove "Millionaire's Row" in 1904, which he dubbed "Ivy Hall" for its lush ivy coating.
Other famous families keeping winter homes on Orange Grove included the Wrigleys (of gum and Wrigley Field fame), whose mansion now houses the Tournament of Roses headquarters, and the Gamble family (of Proctor & Gamble, producers of Ivory soap and dozens of other famous brands
). The Gamble House, incidentally, is well-known to movie-goers as Doc Brown's house in the "Back to the Future" films.
Unfortunately, the Busch family's Ivy Hall no longer survives, having been replaced by several apartment complexes.
If you know where to look, though, you can find a few remaining elements of Busch's original park along the streets and in the yards of the homes behind the Busch family's old home on Orange Grove. Pasadena Heritage
presented today's sold-out guided walk through the neighborhood, which was limited to 300 supporters of the organization. (It took me about 3.2 microseconds to send in my reservation, once I heard about it.)
On the Google Map below, the "upper" Busch Gardens occupied the gray space north of Madeline Dr and between S Arroyo Blvd on the west and Orange Grove on the east. The "lower" Gardens occupied the gray space west of S Arroyo Blvd. Ironically, the green area that Google lists as "Busch Gardens" actually was outside the park's boundary.
At its peak, the gardens occupied 40 full-time gardeners, who terraced the landscape using mules, as there was no power grading equipment at the time. The gardens were the design of Robert Gordon Fraser, who lived at the gardens until their closure.
Here's the one remaining element of the entrance to the park's lower garden. The ticket booth stood across the street to the right: 25 cents for adults and 10 cents for children. You needed to buy an addition admission to visit the upper gardens across Arroyo - but all the money went to support injured war veterans in the community.
Walk along the west side of Arroyo and you might find some of the original metal V fence that surrounded the property.
Throughout the property, you could find several drinking fountains. Although they were made to look like hollowed out logs, with water pouring into them from a wooden spigot, they actually were made of concrete. The park held seven of these water troughs. One was moved to the Busch-owned Grant's Farm in St. Louis, but five have been lost. The last such fountain remains visible at end of one Pasadenan's driveway.
One of the popular features in the lower garden was the "Mystic Hut," which stood behind a series of stone-lined pools.
The hut is gone, but you can still see its foundation, along with the stone lines pools, on the north side of Busch Garden Drive.
Another spectacular feature of the lower garden was a Grecian pergola.
Today, that pergola survives, thought it's been enclosed on the outer edge with windows, and incorporated into this Arroyo Blvd home. You can see it on the right. In postcard above, the pergola was photographed from the opposite side, where the home now stands.
The icon of the gardens was found in the upper garden - The Old Mill.
The mill still stands, as part of a private residence, onto which the owner graciously invited tour attendees. We were not able to take photos, though I can report that the mill (which is on its second replacement wheel these days) looks much as it did in that old postcard painting, though the mill building's been expanded a bit in the front and back, to accommodate the families that have lived there since the gardens closed.
Historian Michael Logan organized today's tour, and I spoke with him for a few moments after his introductory lecture preceding the tour this morning. I'm hoping to have the opportunity to chat with Michael again soon, and to share a few more stories about the Busch family and the development of their beloved gardens, in Pasadena and around the country. Postscript:
Even though Pasadena's Busch Gardens are gone, if you are in the area and want to see what they might have looked like had they survived, consider a visit to the Huntington Library and Gardens
, located a few miles to the east in San Marino. Henry Huntington, nephew of one of the founders of the Central Pacific Railroad and the owner of Los Angeles' street car system, began building his gardens a few years after Busch. Today, his gardens survive on a 120-acre site, which include libraries and art galleries housing a Gutenberg Bible, the manuscript of Benjamin
Franklin's autobiography and Thomas Gainsborough's famous painting "The Blue Boy." More...